Administrative separations (ADSEP) are intended to promote readiness by maintaining high standards of performance, conduct, discipline, achieve and maintain authorized force levels, and provide for the separation of personnel under various circumstances. Sailors may be administratively separated for misconduct, drug abuse, illicit use of prescription medication, alcohol treatment rehabilitation failure, failure in the physical fitness program, or other failures of performance and conduct.
When Sailors are discharged, they receive one of three types of service characterization: Honorable, General (Under Honorable Conditions), or Under Other Than Honorable Conditions ("OTH"). The characterization of service often determines what commander can approve your discharge.
If you have been in the Navy for more than six years, or your command recommends a OTH characterization, you are entitled to a Board Hearing before discharge. In those circumstances, you should consult with an attorney.
If you are not entitled to a Board, you should still submit a rebuttal to the discharge. A strong rebuttal may allow you to stay in the Navy or could help you get a discharge upgrade in the future.
If you are notified of administrative separation, you are entitled to submit a written response. Your written response becomes a part of the official record, so it is important that you submit a professional, respectful, and persuasive response.
You can also learn more about the Navy ADSEP process and how to respond in our recent blog posts:
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